Friday, January 13, 2012

saliva

Drooling and Excess Saliva in Parkinson's Disease
From , former About.com Guide
Updated May 19, 2009
About.com Health's Disease and Condition content is reviewed by the Medical Review Board
See More About:
parkinson's treatments
parkinson's symptoms
If you have Parkinson's disease you have probably learned to carry around a handkerchief in your pocket so that you can periodically wipe up the spit that seems to regularly leak out of your mouth. Survey studies have recorded the presence of excess saliva or drooling in 70 to 78% of patients with PD. Men drool more than women and it appears to be more embarrassing for men than for women.
Why All the Excess Saliva in Parkinson's Disease?
Scientists have found that the problem is not one of over-production but one of inefficient and infrequent swallowing. In fact, saliva production in PD is typically diminished over normal levels. Persons with PD simply do not swallow as much as other people.
So What Can Be Done?
There are several drug treatments available. Potent drugs knonw as anticholinergics, such as trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride and benzatropine mesilate, are prescribed in an attempt to “dry up” the excess saliva. But this class of drugs often creates troublesome side effects such as constipation, urinary retention, memory impairment, confusion, and even hallucinations, particularly in elderly individuals. Another possibility is to take a drop of 1% atropine ophthalmic solution under the tongue twice daily but this has been tried in only a handful of patients. Injections of botulinum toxin A have also been used to try to eradicate excessive saliva in PD. Although this drug is effective for some people with PD, side effects are again an issue including an excessively dry mouth and dysphagia or trouble swallowing food.

5 comments:

oakleyses said...

kate spade outlet, uggs on sale, ugg boots, burberry handbags, gucci handbags, oakley sunglasses wholesale, oakley sunglasses, burberry outlet, prada handbags, michael kors outlet online, polo ralph lauren outlet online, ugg boots, cheap oakley sunglasses, louis vuitton, nike outlet, tiffany jewelry, uggs outlet, christian louboutin shoes, longchamp outlet, oakley sunglasses, longchamp outlet, michael kors outlet online, ray ban sunglasses, prada outlet, longchamp outlet, ray ban sunglasses, louis vuitton, michael kors outlet, replica watches, louis vuitton outlet, nike air max, uggs outlet, ray ban sunglasses, replica watches, nike air max, jordan shoes, tory burch outlet, nike free, michael kors outlet online, tiffany and co, christian louboutin uk, chanel handbags, christian louboutin outlet, polo outlet, oakley sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet

oakleyses said...

vans pas cher, replica handbags, jordan pas cher, sac hermes, timberland pas cher, sac longchamp pas cher, nike roshe run uk, new balance, converse pas cher, burberry pas cher, guess pas cher, north face uk, hogan outlet, hollister uk, ralph lauren uk, michael kors pas cher, ray ban pas cher, true religion outlet, sac vanessa bruno, coach outlet store online, nike tn, air max, abercrombie and fitch uk, polo ralph lauren, polo lacoste, kate spade, coach outlet, nike air max uk, true religion outlet, nike air force, louboutin pas cher, michael kors, longchamp pas cher, nike blazer pas cher, michael kors, nike free uk, hollister pas cher, nike air max uk, north face, nike roshe, lululemon canada, true religion outlet, nike free run, oakley pas cher, mulberry uk, coach purses, true religion jeans, nike air max, michael kors outlet, ray ban uk

oakleyses said...

ferragamo shoes, iphone 6s cases, hollister, mac cosmetics, giuseppe zanotti outlet, babyliss, iphone 5s cases, ipad cases, ghd hair, nike trainers uk, celine handbags, hollister clothing, hermes belt, north face outlet, p90x workout, ralph lauren, wedding dresses, valentino shoes, iphone 6s plus cases, iphone 6 cases, timberland boots, herve leger, soccer shoes, asics running shoes, jimmy choo outlet, insanity workout, instyler, longchamp uk, new balance shoes, north face outlet, iphone 6 plus cases, nike huaraches, baseball bats, nike roshe run, iphone cases, louboutin, lululemon, bottega veneta, nfl jerseys, chi flat iron, s6 case, oakley, mcm handbags, beats by dre, vans outlet, reebok outlet, nike air max, soccer jerseys, abercrombie and fitch, mont blanc pens

oakleyses said...

doke gabbana, canada goose, moncler uk, toms shoes, converse, ugg uk, nike air max, doudoune moncler, canada goose jackets, canada goose outlet, moncler outlet, barbour, ray ban, links of london, hollister, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, ugg, thomas sabo, moncler, pandora jewelry, moncler, canada goose uk, karen millen uk, supra shoes, louis vuitton, moncler, louis vuitton, marc jacobs, converse outlet, louis vuitton, juicy couture outlet, replica watches, swarovski crystal, juicy couture outlet, louis vuitton, vans, gucci, ugg pas cher, pandora jewelry, canada goose, montre pas cher, moncler, wedding dresses, swarovski, canada goose outlet, hollister, barbour uk, moncler outlet, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, pandora charms, canada goose outlet, canada goose, pandora uk

Mie Helal said...

Relevant!! Finally I've found something which helped me
http://www.prokr.net/2016/09/furniture-moving-company-taif.html
http://www.prokr.net/2016/09/furniture-moving-company-mecca.html
http://www.prokr.net/2016/09/furniture-moving-company-jeddah.html